What are the symptoms of Duane syndrome?
The process starts with a health history and a physical exam. The exam will include seeing how strong your muscles are. You may need tests such as:. Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. There's no cure for polymyositis, but the symptoms can be managed. You may need more than one kind of treatment. And your treatment may need to be changed over time. In severe cases, some treatments don't work as well. Treatments include:. Talk with your healthcare providers about the risks, benefits, and possible side effects of all medicines.
If polymyositis is not treated, it can lead to severe complications. As the muscles become weaker, you may fall often and be limited in your daily activities. If the muscles in the digestive tract and chest wall are affected, you may have problems breathing respiratory failure , malnutrition, and weight loss. Polymyositis that is treated but can't be managed well can cause severe disability.
This includes an inability to swallow or breathe without help. There is no known way to prevent polymyositis, because the exact cause is not known. In some cases where medicines may be to blame, stopping these medicines can prevent future episodes of the condition. Don't stop taking any medicine without your doctor's approval. If your symptoms get worse or you notice new symptoms, call your healthcare provider.
If you have trouble breathing or can't swallow normally, you may need emergency medical help. Skip Navigation. Health Home Conditions and Diseases. What causes polymyositis?
What are the symptoms of polymyositis? The common symptoms of polymyositis include: Muscle pain and stiffness Muscle weakness, particularly in the belly abdomen , shoulders, upper arms, and hips Joint pain and stiffness Trouble catching your breath Problems with swallowing Irregular heart rhythms, if the heart muscle becomes inflamed Polymyositis can make it hard to do everyday things.
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How is polymyositis diagnosed? You may need tests such as: Blood tests. These are done to look for signs of muscle inflammation.
Sometimes the face and tongue are affected and the person has a hard time sucking, swallowing, and talking. A person with dyskinetic CP has muscle tone that can change varying from too tight to too loose not only from day to day, but even during a single day. People with ataxic CP have problems with balance and coordination.
They might be unsteady when they walk. They might have a hard time with quick movements or movements that need a lot of control, like writing. They might have a hard time controlling their hands or arms when they reach for something. Some people have symptoms of more than one type of CP. The most common type of mixed CP is spastic-dyskinetic CP. The signs of CP vary greatly because there are many different types and levels of disability. The main sign that a child might have CP is a delay reaching motor or movement milestones such as rolling over, sitting, standing, or walking.
Following are some other signs of possible CP. It is important to note that some children without CP also might have some of these signs. Learn more about developmental milestones that children should reach from birth to 5 years of age.
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Diagnosing CP at an early age is important to the well-being of children and their families. Diagnosing CP can take several steps:. During developmental screening a short test is given to see if the child has specific developmental delays, such as motor or movement delays.
If the results of the screening test are cause for concern, then the doctor will make referrals for developmental and medical evaluations. The goal of a developmental evaluation is to diagnose the specific type of disorder that affects a child. Learn more about screening and diagnosis. There is no cure for CP, but treatment can improve the lives of those who have the condition. It is important to begin a treatment program as early as possible. After a CP diagnosis is made, a team of health professionals works with the child and family to develop a plan to help the child reach his or her full potential.
Common treatments include medicines; surgery; braces; and physical, occupational, and speech therapy.
No single treatment is the best one for all children with CP. In some people, the lateral rectus muscle overcomes the medial rectus muscle in the tug of war, and the eye can move outward but not inward Duane syndrome Type II. In other cases, neither the lateral nor the medial rectus muscle dominates, and the eye does not move well either inward or outward Duane syndrome Type III. Children with Duane syndrome are born with the disorder.
However, it might not become readily apparent until the child grows older and starts demonstrating difficulty with vision or an abnormal head turn to the side. Most cases of Duane syndrome are diagnosed by age Ninety percent of children with Duane syndrome have no family history of the disorder. About 5 percent of people with Duane syndrome have a parent with Duane syndrome dominant inheritance. Here at Children's, our research team has discovered the CHN1 mutation in patients with dominantly inherited Duane syndrome.